Capt. Jack T. Brown, 4th Kentucky Infantry Part of the Orphan Brigade
John (Jack) Thomas Brown, was born in Madison, Indiana on November 17, 1839, son of Thomas H.
and Maria (Cross) Brown. He learned the tinners trade, and along with his brother Howard moved to
Uniontown (Union Co.) Kentucky in 1857 where they opened a hardware, stove and tinware store.
At the onset of the war, he joined Capt. Fitzhenry's Co B of the 4th Kentucky Infantry as a private. He
was appointed First Sergeant on August 14, 1861, elected First Lieutenant, May 1, 1862, and
promoted to Captain on Jan. 8, 1864. He fought at Shiloh, Vicksburg, Baton Rouge, Murfreesboro,
Jackson, Chickamauga, Mission Ridge, Rocky Face Gap, Resaca and Dallas. He was disabled for
field service due to illness, but did recover and take place in the mounted engagements with the
brigade. He fought with the Orphan Brigade at Stockbridge in November 1864.
Capt. Brown married Rachel Berry on 24 October 1871. His wife died on 13 April 1874. They had one
daughter, Clare. Capt. Brown did not remarry. Capt. Brown was a founding member of the
Ex-Confederate Mutual Relief Association in Union County .
Courier Company,"History of Union County", 1886, Evansville, Indiana, pgs 160-167; 521-522
Thompson, Ed Porter, "History of the Orphan Brigade", 1898, Louisville, reprint Morningside, 1973, pg
The War of the Rebellion, 1898.
Biography of William T. Sherman, March to the Sea
Capt. Jack T. Brown
4th Kentucky Infantry.
Capt. John Weller , 4th Kentucky Infantry (Thompson, 1898)
Not all was carefree, though. One day the Orphans received a report that marauding Yankees had
attempted to molest (fortunately unsuccessfully) two young ladies in the neighborhood. Their sense of
honor and decency aroused, men of the Fourth Kentucky rode toward the enemy's lines and managed
to capture two of the offenders. These were soon found swinging from trees beside the road, a grim
reminder of the efficiency of these battle-hardened veterans.
The period of mostly quiet scouting was shattered on November 15, 1864, when Sherman's huge force
turned its back on Atlanta and started on itsMarch to the Sea. The Right Wing, consisting of the 15th
and 17th Army Corps and the main supply trains, headed south and east toward Rough and Ready,
Morrow, and McDonough. This route took them through Stockbridge, and into a collision with the
On the afternoon of the 15th, as Weller was visiting Miss Stubbs (as usual!), he received reports of
fighting near his headquarters, two miles back down the road. Hastily bidding farewell to Miss Stubbs,
he headed for the scene of the action. He found his men contesting the advance of the 17th Army Corps
on the road from Atlanta. The Federal Right Wing had split at White Hall (on the railroad just southwest
of Atlanta), the 17th Corps heading east and then south toward Stockbridge on the McDonough and
Decatur roads, while the 15th Corps headed south on the Jonesboro Road toward Morrow's Station,
then cut across to the Macon Road toward Stockbridge. These two forces were to unite at McDonough,
then move on toward Milledgeville.
While the Second Kentucky Infantry on the left fell back, Weller's wing was reinforced by the remainder
of the Fourth Kentucky from Stockbridge, and the rest of the Fifth Kentucky came up on their right. A
lively running battle ensued, the Orphans dismounting at every opportunity to use their long Enfield
rifle-muskets as traditional infantry. However, an entire Army Corps against a couple of understrength
regiments was long odds, and the Kentuckians were compelled to retire toward Stockbridge. Finding
the Federals in their rear (from the Macon road in the Second Kentucky's sector), the Fourth and Fifth
regiments were forced to find a route along country roads to the north and east of Stockbridge.
Following a harrowing night ride, they arrived in McDonough and reunited with the rest of the Orphans.
Capt. John Weller
4th Kentucky Infantry