James Monroe
Monroe was born April 28, 1758, in Westmoreland County, Virginia.  He fought in the Revolutionary
War and rose to the rank of Lt. Colonel. He would be a hero of the war at the Battle of Trenton.  He
served from 1776-1780.
From 1783-86 he served the delegation from Virginia to Congress.  On February 16, 1786, he
married Elizabeth Kortright.  From 1790-94 he served as Senator from Virginia.  From 1794-1796
he was minister to France.  He worked during 1803 to negotiate the Louisiana Purchase to vastly
expand the United States to the west.
During 1811-17 he served as U.S. Secretary of State and 1814-15 U.S. Secretary of War under
President Madison.
He became the fifth President of the United States from 1817-1825.  The Monroe Doctrine would be
the greatest success of his Presidency.  The Doctrine would declare the following: "we should
consider any attempt on their part (that of European powers) to extend their system to any portion of
this hemisphere as dangerous to our peace and safety. With the existing colonies or dependencies of
any European power we have not interfered and shall not interfere.  But with the governments who
have declared their independence and maintained it, and whose independence we have, on great
consideration and on just principles, acknowledged, we could not view any interposition for the
purpose of oppressing them or controlling in any other manner their destiny, by any European power,
in any other light than as the manisfestation of an unfriendly disposition toward the United States."
Monroe would die in New York City on July 4, 1831.  He would be the 3rd President to die on teh
anniversary of the nations independence.

1. The Complete Presidency, 2000, Compiled.